Most popular frontend frameworks for web development in 2022
User experience and time-to-market are the topmost priority for every business developing a website, web app or web services. They should be intuitive to use, load fast, and provide a seamless user experience. Using frontend frameworks significantly helps achieve these objectives by building modern, user-driven websites and web applications.
In this article, we have outlined the point of the frontend frameworks and their benefits, gathered the most popular and used frameworks along with explaining how to choose the most suitable for learning or your project implementation.
What frontend frameworks are
Frontend web development is a process of transforming the data to a graphical interface. Frontend frameworks simplify the development process and make it easier to build a website or an application. They provide various templates to interact with browser components, including prepared code that programmers can use to fix common programming tasks.
The frameworks are compatible with various libraries that boost the performance while reducing the amount of code required. They divide the code into many building blocks or modules which are self contained and can be reused. This also prevents bad practices like code duplication and simplifies unit testing.
These frameworks also specify the rules for developing the app architecture: they have a skeletal structure that is extended and changed according to the requirements. Developers don't have to start projects from scratch, as they already have a foundation to implement other project-specific features.
It is worth mentioning the frameworks for mobile development, where the most popular are React Native and Flutter. They allow for creating cross-platform applications from scratch and develop both interface and logic. We covered them in detail in our article about cross-platform mobile development.
Benefits of frontend frameworks
For business today, having an attractive website or application becomes crucial to succeed. They strive to provide targeted audiences with the best experience during contact with their brand.
Using frameworks allows developers to create demand apps much faster and costly, that is very important for business owners. This interrelation affects the popularity of frameworks and increases the demand for frontend developers.
Below, we have gathered the most relevant benefits of using frontend frameworks.
Faster development time.
Reusable components and templates make the development time shorter, allow for updating specific parts of pages without changing the entire design, and enable launching apps faster. The frameworks allow developers to use tested and bug-free libraries without spending a lot of time finding bugs and fixing them.
Reduced code length.
Frameworks provide a component approach, dividing the code into modules that allow developers to save a lot of time and effort by reusing once developed components anywhere in the project.
Frameworks break up an application into reusable and standalone components that simplify making quick changes that don’t affect the rest of the application. Using similar design patterns allows new developers to build and maintain an app easier.
Two-way data binding.
Some frontend frameworks, e.g. Angular supports two-way data binding out of the box that allows link data and the view. Any data-related changes affecting the model are immediately propagated to the matching view, and any changes made in the view are immediately reflected in the underlying model with no need to re-update the DOM on your own.
Top 10 frontend frameworks
We’ve listed 10 most popular frontend frameworks for web development, describing their pros and cons as well as key features.
Below, you can see how the trends for frameworks have changed over time based on their tags usage, according to the Stack Overflow statistics.
These features allow developers to improve productivity and save time while designing an interactive interface.
React is regarded as one of the easiest frameworks to learn by its user-friendliness and smooth learning curve, which is ideal for beginners or less experienced developers.
- Server side rendering
- Use of Virtual DOM for fast and seamless performance
- Easy to learn thanks to a lot of online tutorials, courses, etc.
- Possibility of integration with a variety of other JS frameworks
- Large ecosystem of tools, plugins and workflow
- Lack of documentation due to multiple and constant updates
- Not the best choice for small projects
- Complexities of JSX to understand at the beginning
Among the companies that use React except Facebook are Netflix, Salesforce, Dropbox.
Our React.js development services
With a deep knowledge of React programming, we build high-performance and scalable frontends of web applications of any complexityLearn more
It's an open-source component-based framework, released by Google in 2010, for developing dynamic and scalable web applications. With a collection of well-integrated libraries and tools, the framework allows developers to build, test, and modify the code. Angular provides a lot of helpful functional features, including directives, filters, two-way data binding, dependencies, and more.
Angular is versatile and performs well when building apps for different platforms at once. Code can be reused for SPAs and PWAs, web apps, mobile projects, as well as native desktop applications.
Angular is rapidly evolving and adding multiple features. Its popularity and usage are growing thanks to its high performance and huge community support. It provides an opportunity to scale single-page applications to enterprise-grade apps based on the company's needs. The framework increases the app's efficiency by dynamically updating the content using two-way data binding.
- Decreased amount of code along with a lot of functionalities and features
- Built-in two-way data binding
- Easy management of components by dependency injection
- Large support community and good documentation
- Great number of plugins, libraries and integrations available
- Lack in performance due to the big-sized code
- Unsuitable for small-scale apps
- Limited SEO
- Difficult learning curve
Angular is used by many companies like Deutsche Bank, Gmail, Forbes, PayPal, YouTube, and Walmart.
The demand for Vue.js has picked up in a fairly short time and is still gaining popularity. It allows creating high-quality applications and adding functionality to them simple and quick.
- Simple and easy understandable code to learn and start using it in a short time
- Detailed and extensive documentation
- Browser Dev Tools extensions to change separate components manually when needed
- Lightweight, allowing it to operate fast and at high performance
- Two-way data binding
- Lack of support due to a relatively smaller community
- Too much flexibility that may cause code irregularities
- Fewer plugins available
- Not the best choice for larger projects
Vue.js is used by many companies like Adobe, Alibaba, Grammarly, Gitlab, Netflix, and Xiaomi.
jQuery makes tasks like event handling, Ajax, animation, document traversal, and manipulation much easier. Because jQuery excels at handling browser interchangeability, frontend developers don't have to be concerned about all cross-browser concerns.
Despite being introduced in 2006, jQuery remains to be very popular among developers. Because of its extensive usage on the web, a large community has been built around it and there are a lot of learning resources and examples available.
- Availability of multiple DOM modification tools
- Dynamic content
- Streamlined HTTP requests
- Ease of learn and use along with a well-developed and robust community
- Active development with extensive API documentation
- A lot of plugins to choose from
- Large download size and slow working speed
- The DOM APIs are obsolete
- There isn't a data layer
jQuery is used in the products of Bank of America, LinkedIn, Twitter, Uber, Udemy, and Slack.
Svelte is a good choice if you need a small and quick application to be developed by a small team of frontend developers, including beginners. It is quite compatible with native HTML code and doesn’t impose a strict structure, which has also resulted in smaller application sizes. The modular nature of Svelte also enables developers to write components that use pure HTML, CSS and JS.
- Absence of Virtual DOM that shifts the work into compilation
- Faster and scalable, providing better performance than any other JS framework
- Require less code to build a component structure
- Insufficient tools
- Small (but growing) community and a lack of support immediate answers and support
- Possible obstacles because of a compiler-based approach
- Absence of a dedicated app security page
Svelte is gaining popularity among such companies as IBM, Rakuten and Phillips.
Next.js enables developers to build web applications in a zero-config environment that provides all the tools they need out-of-the-box.
Nex.js t is considered as one of the fastest-growing React frameworks. It is used by big and popular companies like Netflix, Uber, and Starbucks. By the way, the Twelvedevs website is built using the Next framework too.
Realize your own project using Next.js capabilities
Our engineers will create interactive and SEO-ready website to boost your business growthGet in touch
It's an open-source framework that helps create modern user interfaces for both scalable single-page and complex web apps. Ember.js adheres to the MVVM (model-view-view-model) pattern. Its tools enable designing a development environment, while its command-line interface gives tools for script automation. Moreover, Ember remains active in development, and what makes it special is the integrated backward compatibility.
While the framework is popular among web developers, it is quite flexible towards desktop and mobile apps, too.
Ember.js is used by Tinder, Netflix, Apple Music, Yahoo!, LinkedIn, and PlayStation Now.
It's an open source framework that makes frontend development easier by providing various building blocks such as models, views, events, routers and collections.
This framework is used to create responsive web and mobile applications in a properly structured format as well as build static and dynamic sites that are light on resource consumption.
Backbone communicates well with the current API via a RESTful JSON user interface. It has more than 100 extensions and plugins available to help improve web app quality.
The Backbone.js framework is used by MasterCard, Pandora, Pinterest, Reddit, Trello, and Walmart.
Preact is a small-size framework with the same features as React, being its easier version. Being smaller, it employs the thinnest and fastest virtual DOM. Preact allows for comfortably using components between both frameworks.
The framework is a good choice to create a small application with no complex integrations that should perform a single function well.
It's a fast, lightweight, and reactive framework built on top of the Web Components standard providing speed and a small set of useful features. Lit is most often used to build PWAs with both simple and complex interfaces. It is a good choice for building web UI, pairing the inter op-based advantages of web components with a modern developer experience.
Lit provides fast updates thanks to keeping track of the UI’s dynamic parts and updates only when the underlying state changes, with no need to rebuild a whole virtual tree and diff it with the current state of the DOM.
How to choose a frontend framework?
The market of the frontend development is rather dynamic and changeable. Despite React, Angular, and Vue.js still being the leaders among the frontend frameworks, new frameworks and libraries are actively developed and gaining momentum.
Among the top global one million domains, these three frameworks are present on 20.1% of websites (812% growth compared to 2018). Even 68% in the top 10k global websites use them.
The best frontend framework should provide flexibility for further usage, while an end user should receive excellent UX and UI. As from the developer's point of view, the framework should be stable, flexible, rich in its functionality, and have good community support.
It's hard to tell which one is the best in common. It is highly important to analyze all the aspects of the frontend framework and make a well-considered decision to choose the appropriate one:
Find out whether the framework has sufficient functionality for the entire project implementation. The best choice would be a framework with sufficient but not excessive functionality suitable for a specific project.
Well-written documentation helps you learn and start using the framework in a short time. Using tutorials, guides and code samples will decrease your project development time.
Community support plays a crucial role in any framework development. The more popular the framework becomes among developers and the more supportive community it forms, the faster it grows.
Regardless of how feature-rich your framework is, you may need to supplement a project with other tools and libraries. In this way, having a flexible framework that can handle complex integration procedures is critical for the success of the project.
Check out available framework features before starting your web development. Explore the CLIs, libraries, and plugins supported by the framework and make sure they are applicable to upcoming projects.
Development technologies do not stand still, they are constantly evolving and improving. Once popular frameworks are being replaced by the new ones, giving even more opportunities to developers. The desire to simplify the development process, making it less resource-intensive and profitable for both customers and service providers, remains unchanged.
At Twelvedevs, we have extensive experience in creating eye-catching, high-performing applications. Contact us and get a free consultation and your project estimation within 24 hours.
Why a mobile app is crucial for company success in e‑Commerce in 2022
The blog post about benefits businesses can get from creating their own mobile app, along with the reasons they should do it.
Legacy application migration: 6-Step Guide
We have figured out why legacy software migration is now so important, and prepared a 6-step guide to incorporate it seamlessly and successfully.